Federation Arch

This monument honors the Venezuelan Federal War, which took place between 1859 and 1863, in which the Liberals defeated the Conservatives. Located in the central Ezequiel Zamora Park, better known to locals as El Calvario, it was inaugurated just under three decades after the war, in 1895, based on designs by local artists Juan Hurtado Manrique and Alejandro Chataing. Over the arch you can see the word “Federation” next to the coat of arms of the country, but what most strikes the visitor is the female figure atop the arch, victoriously holding the national flag in one hand and a laurel wreath in the other, typical symbology of nineteenth century independence movements.